mycose, branchies, traitement, axolotls

MYCOSES

&

FLAVOBACTERIUM

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MYCOSES: MUSHROOMS

Symptoms :
A fine white fuzz develops on the affected part of the body. The mycosis very clearly has a cottony appearance. If it is the gills (very fragile), they will regress, and the animal, having trouble breathing, will stay permanently at the top of the aquarium. This could be the result of a wound. Too hot water also promotes yeast infection (it is considered that above 22 ° C the risks increase). Leftover food that has molded (hence the importance of making sure to clean the remains of their meals after 24 hours). ). Side effect following a treatment which will have reduced the immunity of axolotl. Or finally water that is too acidic (low Gh) or too hard (too high GH), in this case readjust these parameters:
see article . Many mycoses disappear on their own: we leave the axolotl alone with the lights off in his aquarium and we observe 12 hours later and 24 hours after. If the mycosis has not disappeared 24 to 48 hours after treatment is required.
Treatment: Prepare an infirmary tank in which you will have previously dissolved the non-iodized gray Guérande salt because it does not contain any added iodine, or the regenerating salt of dishwashers such as Apta, Calgonit (see section Pharmacy and necessary to buy for details), to do this prepare a box in advance with crushed salt, which will allow it to dissolve more easily. Once this is done, you can immerse your little patient in this tank. Otherwise you have Temerol (1.75 ml / 5 liters of water, for three days, changing the mixture every day) and esha 2000 in a pet store. You might as well prefer the first method, but if the damage is very important and the salt does not cure, switch to Temerol or Esha which gives good results (a reservation on Temerol to be used sparingly because of its many additives, Ketoderm was also recommended by the Montpellier veterinarian rather than Temerol , it remains stuck to the mycosis and does not dissolve in water allowing a very gentle and very effective.


DOSAGES:

Intensive treatment : Never more than 20 minutes in a salt bath, or 30 minutes twice in the morning and evening (recommended by a specialist veterinarian, because then this damages the skin and the gills, but ask on the group or site health section with photo in order to measure the severity of the mycosis!


Slight fungal infection: 1 teaspoon for 1 liter of water for 20 minutes then put it back in another infirmary tank overnight, to be repeated during the 3 days of treatment. If the yeast infection persists or was very extensive or severe; a shock treatment therefore with a doubled dose of salt: 2 teaspoons of salt for 1 liter of water. 15 minutes no more.


Last possibility three teaspoons of salt for 1 liter of water and 10 minutes only! This treatment can be continued for three days if necessary. But never again on this very important dosage! A salt bath is not harmless for the axolotl, it can if given in excess cause it more harm than good!

Permanent treatment involves a lower dosage 1 teaspoon per 10 liters of water. Rather in the case of an infectious bacteriological veil (with yellow spots). Important: the saline solution is never reused, it is thrown away after each treatment (and it is very necessary to wash the hospital tray because the bacteria deposit there) And this treatment cannot last more than 6 days.

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A fungal infection is also very well treated with Ketoderm (available in pharmacies), it is an ointment that has the advantage of being waterproof. (Advised by a specialist veterinarian in Montpellier).

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creme mycoses, axolotl, ketoderm

Mycosis of the eyes

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It is more precisely an opaque veil on the eye, this mycosis being of bacterial origin we recommend a treatment with Temerol or Esha 2000 over 3 days, or 6 days.

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Flavobacterium Columnare

Lightning yeast infection caused by bacteria

We observe a mycosis which can start in the gills but very quickly end up on and in the mouth, on the tail, this mycosis is different from the classic mycosis that we often meet with our loulous. It is very thick and of an ultra fast advance then can take the whole palate and the mouth. Some axolotls which do not react to conventional treatment such as Temerol or the salt bath in this case the veterinarian recommended: 3 teaspoons in a liter of water for 30 minutes (yes you read that correctly) the first day then 2 teaspoons for 20 minutes on the second day and finally 3 teaspoons for 1 liter of water for a period of 10 minutes on the third day. Above all, we must not make the mistake of taking a banal mycosis for this infection, I repeat that the mycosis is 10 times thicker and progresses during the day, the animal no longer feeds equally. If you don't have something alive in your aquarium, you can't be concerned. This bacterium, called Flavobacterium * Columnare, is found in guppies (probably other fish but the case observed and studied by veterinarians concerns the guppy. This one can be a healthy carrier or not. If the axolotl swallows it) he will be infected but also by eating or sucking on the ground sand which will have been infected by the droppings of the guppies Treatment Marbosyl (broad spectrum antibiotic often prepared by the veterinarian himself, very volatile cannot be preserved) or Amoxiciline, the the first being more adequate but if your veterinarian does not have one he can direct you to the second Here are the dosages: with an insulin syringe for example, one unit (1ml per axolotls per 50 gram weight for 8 to 10 days in the food or in the mouth.

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* Columnaris disease is primarily an infectious epithelium that causes necrotic lesions of the gills and skin.
Infections can become systemic. Diseases are rarely spontaneous, but are influenced by several factors such as water temperature and other factors
such as low level of dissolved oxygen, high level of ammonia and organic load (NO2). The bacteria can also be carried by some freshwater fish and mussels. Some will be carriers but will not trigger the disease and others (eg rainbow trout) will die.