BASIC PHARMACY

Base product :
-
Mercurochrome (to disinfect).
- Of the
betadine (to disinfect).
- Methylene blue (against white spots, contagions).
- FMC (against mycoses and external infections of unicellular parasites).
- Metronidazole / Flagyl (against hole disease).
- Flubendazole (against intestinal worms, skin and gill worms).
- Tetracycline (as a last resort).

- A general disinfectant (for diseases without symptoms) (Sera Omnipur).
- A product against bacteria (
Sera Baktopur , Melafix ,
tea tree ).
- A product against fungal infections and infections ( eSHa-2000)

- A product against oddinium and white points ( esha exit ).
- A product against fungi (
Sera Mycopur and against skin and gill worms combine with Sera ektopur ).
- An anti-fungal product (
Pimafix , based on Pimenta, india wood).

The colloidal silver   is a pre-biotic, anti-septic and antibiotic substance!

The Methylene Blue is increasingly difficult to obtain, because pharmacies are less and less their preparations themselves; you have lower Betadine and Mercurochrome even more effective, at least concerning the antiseptic virtues.

preparer sa solution de bleu de methylene

HOLTFRETER SOLUTION

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Holtfreter solution is an aqueous solution used primarily in aquariums to prevent infections in early stage amphibians. It is usually mixed with mains water. invented by Johannes Holtfreter, German biologist and zoologist who has carried out numerous studies on the cells of amphibian embryos.

This solution is therefore used either in an aquarium or in a hospital tank.

In various cases such as dermal pathologies, spawning appearing to be fungus (concentration at 10-20%), to help the healing of the skin of amphibians (concentration at 50 or 100%), and in the event of prophylaxis (concentration at 40-50%).

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

You can ask for your preparation at the pharmacy for more convenience or improvise yourself as a chemist by respecting the following doses: - 3.46 g NaCl (sodium chloride, non-iodized) - 0.05 g KCl (potassium chloride) - 0.1 g CaCl2 (Calcium Chloride) - 0.2 g NaHCO3 (Sodium Bicarbonate) in a liter of water at pH 7.5.

Guérande salt, which does not contain any additional iodine addition, can also be used instead of dishwasher salt during treatments. It is very well tolerated. But only Guérande salt, be careful!

NON-IODIZED SALT

The salts act as anti fungal and therefore kill fungi (mycosis), they also serve as an anti poison to purge the absorption of drugs or toxic products, and promote osmo regulation (skin / interior and exterior water exchange) allowing amphibians to be able to better absorb care and more easily recover the oxygen contained in the water. you must always have it at home to be able to react quickly.

• Table salts are all enriched with iodine except gray Guérande salt (which still contains it naturally but in tiny traces so no risk) so you have to buy either
Guérande salt or Regenerating salt for dishwashers. (It's always surprising but yes it's still simple salt not enriched in iodine and containing only tiny traces, it is the most suitable, because the least iodized.

Here are examples of widely used brands like Apta or   Calgonit   which are perfectly suited as well as the Carrefour or Leclerc brands, etc. The important thing is to be on a 100% NaCl formulation. Do not buy the Sun brand which contains additives.

(Click on the images to be redirected to the merchant site)

sel non iodé pour mycoses axolotls
sel non iodé pour mycoses axolotls
sel non iodé ane pas utiliser pour mycoses axolotls

SALT

Adding salt increases the ion concentration of the water. There are 2 salt treatments and one does not have the same usefulness as the other!

1: osmotic rest.

A small concentration of salt in the aquarium water makes it easier for some fish to recover from illness or injury (the best example is betta), freshwater fish have a concentration of salt in the blood higher than that of water (unlike saltwater fish in which it is quite the opposite), aquarium water is therefore always absorbed by their body to avoid bursting they must continually reject it (through the gills or urine). A light addition of salt alleviates this work of elimination and allows the fish to fight more effectively against illness or injury!
In addition, the salt is slightly antiseptic and healing (I myself tested it on a betta whose veil had been torn by the filter).
The doses used for "osmotic rest" do not require the tank to be gradually desalted afterwards! this will happen naturally as the water changes.

1 teaspoon of salt for 10 liters of water (Non-iodized, preferably from Guérande)
This treatment is absolutely not appreciated by plants and invertebrates!
CAUTION: fish living in very fresh water and those with very thin skin are particularly sensitive to this treatment!

2: antiparasitic treatment

Adding salt to the water increases the osmotic pressure, bacteria and protozoa cannot resist this sudden change! In this case, it is important to gradually desalt.

5grams of salt per liter then add a little salt every 2 hours until reaching 10g per liter. Salt is used for the following diseases: chilodonnelosis, costiosis, diplozoonosis, fungus, gyrodactilosis, white spots, myxozomiasis, oodinium, discus plague, saprolegniosis, achlya, trichodinosis, against leeches and hydras as well as intoxication with no² or ammonia.

After healing remove and replace 1/3 of the water then change 50% of the water and finally a new change of 50% (this spread over several hours)

It is also possible to use this treatment but in a short bath but beware this treatment is much more stressful and toxic for the fish! watch it closely! 20g per liter of water in a container with a bubbler to oxygenate the water, raise the temperature of the container by 2 ° compared to the temperature of the tank. Bath of 15 minutes maximum unless the fish show the slightest sign of distress. Then reintroduce the fish in its tank after having very gradually desalted its "bath" by drip!

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Betadine
This famous disinfectant can be very effective on our axolotls! The "methylene blue being more and more difficult to find and having less antiseptic virtues than betadine, do not hesitate! If your axo is injured brush the injured part with betadine (in gel it turns out much more practice) by means of a cotton swab Betadine contains 10% iodine but veterinarians use it during operations and advise it because the quantity is tiny and not harmful during a simple application.

Mercurochrome

The disinfectant mercurochrome is used either by touching wounds and ulcers, or in a 2% aqueous solution. The dose of 10 drops per 10 l of water. Doses of 3 drops per 10 I can be used for preventive care; plants with large leaves do not tolerate this treatment well

homeopathy

Euphrasia officinalis 9CH: remedy against inflammation of the ocular mucous membranes, conjunctivitis, ulceration of the cornea = in a fish or exophthalmos axunm.
3 granules in the tank regardless of the liter and this until complete recovery and continue at the same dosage for another 5 to 6 days.

Other drugs that can be used as leads for your vet



Some of these treatments can be combined with permanent salt baths or not in order to facilitate their absorption.

Baytril : Enrofloxacin 5% ( VETERINARY ANTIBIOTIC )

At a proportion of 0.5 ml / 1.5 l for 10/15 minutes with salt 3 teaspoons in 1.5 liters of water for a week more rest in the refrigerator (all the way down 9 ° C).
So here it is a treatment prescribed by a veterinarian, antibiotic and antifungal. Some may die because, depending on the extent of the lesions, the axolotls can no longer get oxygen. As this treatment is only available on prescription, it is given to you to possibly help your own veterinarian if he does not practice care on amphibians and in particular axolotls.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Mycolicin (chloramphenicol)

Molecule that can be used in cases of internal infection (ascites) or generalized (hemorrhage, edema). It is used in a permanent bath at the rate of 40 drops per liter of water for a week

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Marbocyl (marbofoxacin)

Can be used as a permanent bath: 0.75 ml / L over a week, or by injection: 5 units per day over a period of 10 days.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Baytril (enrofoxacin) concentration at 2.5% orally: Dosages vary according to the type of condition (internal or external). Can also be used in B ain, if intensive it will be one ml for 1.5 liters of water and for a week for a permanent bath it has been recommended 0.4ml per liter of water and for a longer duration ie 20 days.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

LOTIONS AND OINTMENTS

Ketorderm (persistent mycoses less questionable additives than in Temerol according to a specialist veterinarian)

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Sporiline 1% (tolnaftate)

Localized mycosis (on the surface or in a cyst). Local application: once a day for six days.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Fradexam (framycetin and dexamethasone

For all localized external infections such as necrotizing wounds, cysts or ulcers. Local application: 1 / d => 8/10 days In addition: permanent disinfectant bath during the first 3 days.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Itrafungol (itraconazole) 1% (10mg / ml)

To treat Chytridiomycosis at a rate of 3ml per 5L of water in an intensive bath of 10 minutes per day and for a period of 7 to 10 days.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

PANACUR ( fenbendazole 10%) : ANTI INTESTINAL WORMS effective anti-parasite treatment often associated with Flagyl. Oral use: 0.09 ml. (available only on prescription).

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

CAPIZOL: ANTI INTESTINAL WORMS 1 ml for 15 liters of water (dewormer)

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Dolthene: ANTI HYDRES (to be used sparingly because many axolotls have more or less intolerance) : 2.5 ml / 10 liters of water for 3 days then water change of 50% then filtration on carbon then absolutely reseed with bacteria. The only ones that I recommend because used for many years and especially also used by large aquariums in France and zoos (Biockik of the Oase brand) (this product causes alopecia areata and anemia in some axolotls), renew the treatment 20 days later to kill the eggs. And therefore start the whole operation again. So not to be done lightly and certainly not as a preventive measure, we are not on the discus. Some axolotls moreover do not support this treatment.

You will not find an answer on a Facebook group or a site facing a serious problem, act quickly!

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

For any major problem, consult a veterinarian!

Self-medication is dangerous, a trained professional is best able to treat your loulou. The drugs named are only for your veterinarian.

Photos of pathologies

ascite axolotl

Flazzy Boyet

Ascites

To better recognize and therefore treat your axolotl as quickly as possible, here are pictures of sick or injured axololts that the members have kindly shared with you. The experience of some will be useful to others ...